15 Tips on Kidney Disease – Kidney Location, kidney disease Tips in English

15 Tips on Kidney Disease – Kidney Location, kidney disease Tips in English

Kidney Location, kidney disease, 15 tips on kidney disease

Kidney Location, kidney disease, 15 tips on kidney disease
  • Table of Contents
  • Kidney location and function
  • Kidney location and function
  • Kidney
  • The main functions of the kidney are:
  • Blood purification
  • Balancing water in the body
  • Balance the acid and alkali
  • Blood pressure control
  • Help in the production of blood cells
  • Bone health
  • How urine is created after purification of blood in kidney
  • The Functional Unit Nephron acts as a filter.
  • 15 tips on kidney disease
  • The key is the kidney filtrate
  • Complications of chronic kidney disease
  • Need regular testing
  • The horrors of kidney disease
  • Some surveys
  • Thousands die every year
  • Treatment of a kidney disease patient
  • Kidney disease needs to be identified
  • Ways to prevent kidney disease
  • Cadaveric kidney transplant
  • Five people can live together
  • The law of organ transplantation in the human body
  • Diet and nutrition of the kidney patient
  • Kidney augmentation and a human application
Kidney location and function
  Who doesn’t want to be beautiful, healthy, strong and healed?  Cleaning the outside of the body is in your hands, but the inside of the body is responsible for the kidneys (liver) and the liver.  The liver releases bile into the body along with various contaminants.  The kidneys play an important role in removing unnecessary harmful substances from the body.  Kidney Location We now know about kidney disease.

  The number of patients with Donna disease has increased dramatically over the past few years.  Kidney disorder is the main reason for the increase in the number of patients with diabetes and high blood pressure.

  Every effort has been made to provide as much knowledge, information and instructions regarding kidney to every person as possible through this book.  At the same time, important knowledge about the symptoms, treatment and prevention of kidney disease has been tried.

  Different chapters of this book describe easy ways to prevent kidney disease, kidney disease outbreak, dialysis, kidney transplant, cadaver replacement, diet and general guidelines.  Medical words and abbreviations are explained at the end of the book so that the reader can read the book directly without difficulty.  This book will help the general public and kidney patients to be aware of kidney disease.

Kidney location and function
  The kidney is an important organ in the human body.  The kidney should be compared to a supercomputer because the structure and function of the kidney is so complex

  The kidneys cleanse the body of blood and make urine.  The removal of urine from the body is done by the staff (ureter) IAT “FI (bladder) SIE urethra (ureter).

  Both males and females usually have two kidneys.  The kidneys are located on both sides of the spine at the waist towards the abdomen, towards the back.


  The kidneys are shaped like bean seeds.  The kidneys of an adult are usually 3 cm long, 3 cm wide and 5 cm thick.  The weight of each kidney is between 3-5 grams.
  The kidney, prepared by the kidneys, reaches the bladder through the bladder, is usually 25 cm long and is made of a special type of rubber (elastic) muscle.
  The bladder is a nerve sac located in the front (lower) part of the abdomen, where urine is stored.
  Urine velocity increases when urine accumulates in the bladder.  Urine is excreted from the body through the urethra.
  Kidney Function Kidney needs and importance
  Kidney Location and Function Kidney Location and Function

  Kidney
  Each person's diet type and levels change every day.
  Water, acid and alkali levels are constantly changing due to changes in the diet.
  During the process of digestion of food, many unnecessary substances are produced in the body
  If water does not lose its balance with water, acid or alkali, it can cause harm or death to human beings.
  The kidneys purify the body from blood as urine or substances from the body and make the balance of alkalis and acids unbalanced.  This way the kidneys keep the body clear and healthy.
  The main function of the kidneys

  The main functions of the kidneys are:
  Purification of blood

  The kidneys usually remove all the necessary substances from the body through urine.

  Water is balanced in the body

  The kidneys excrete excess water from the body through urine.

  Keep acid and alkali in balance

  The kidneys work by maintaining the levels of sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, phosphates, bicarbonate, etc. in the body.  Sodium levels in the head increase or decrease and potassium levels can have a profound effect on cardiac or nervous system function.

Blood pressure control

  The kidneys release many hormones such as angiotensin, aldosterone, prostaglandin.

  These hormones help balance body water levels, acidity and alkalinity.  By this balance the kidneys work to maintain blood pressure in the body.

  Helping in the production of blood cells

  Every minute, red blood cells present in the blood are made in the bone marrow to produce hormones.  Erythropoietin is produced by the kidneys.  When kidney failure occurs, the secretion of hormones is reduced or stopped completely, resulting in defecation of blood, which is called anemia.

  Bone health

  Kidneys help produce active vitamin D This vitamin D plays an important role in the development and strengthening of bones and teeth while maintaining critical levels of calcium and phosphorus in the body.

  How urine is made after purifying the blood in the kidneys

  Depending on how much urine is excreted throughout the day, (1) the amount of water I drink (2) the body is excreted.  Water levels in the body’s hormone ADH (1) for kidney healing.  If the kidneys are diseased and have a GFR (global filtration rate), the ability to produce urine is also reduced.

  The kidneys excrete unnecessary substances from the bladder and keep them with the necessary substances.  It is a unique, strange and complex process.



  You know
  In the kidneys of the body, 120 ml of blood comes every minute which is about 20% of the blood flowing through the heart.  Thus, about 1 liter of blood is carried in about 24 liters of blood.

  The functional unit nephron acts as a filter.
  Each kidney contains one million nephrons.  The nephrons are mainly divided into two parts, glomerulus and tubules.  You may be surprised to know that the glomerular filter produces 5 liters of urine every 24 hours through 125 ml of urine per minute.  This 4 liter of urine contains unnecessary substances, alkalis and toxins.  At the same time it contains essential substances like glucose and other substances.  The 5 liters of urine caused by the glomerulus comes into the tubules, where 5% of the product is reconstituted.

  Absorption between tubes is called intelligent absorption
  This is because the urine that is more than 3 liters of urine is replenished from urine and water.  Only 4 to 2 liters of urine is excreted from the body by removing unnecessary substances and acids.

  Thus, urine prepared by the kidneys through various complex purification processes accumulates in the urethra through the urethra and is excreted out of the body through the urethra.

  A healthy normal person may have high / low urine levels
  Yes.  The amount of urine depends on the temperature and temperature of the water.  If a person drinks less water, they pass dark urine.  (3ML) daily is sufficient to control urinary contamination.  Drinking more water leads to more and thinner urine.  Excessive sweating in the summer reduces urinary volume and urinary levels decrease in winter to reduce sweating.

15 tips about kidney disease

  Chronic kidney disease is when the kidneys become infected with a disease of their own or the kidneys become infected with another disease, which results in the kidneys disappearing for three months or more.  However, if kidney function as well as kidney function disappears in certain cases, it can still be called chronic kidney disease.  For example, chronic nephritis can gradually reduce kidney function by attacking the kidney filter.  It can lead to chronic kidney disease.  Likewise, diabetes or high blood pressure can destroy the kidney filter / filter without kidney disease.  Again, chronic kidney disease can occur if someone is born poorly or the size of the kidneys is small or large.

  The key is a kidney filter

  Within six weeks of birth the kidney filtration or filter membrane is fully formed.  That means the kidneys can start working full time.  An adult has about 8-12 lakh pieces in each kidney and purifies 5 liters of blood every 24 hours.  One to three liters of pure blood is excreted through urine.  So if for some reason such a filter is interrupted, it can lead to chronic kidney disease.
  To verify kidney function, a blood component called creatinine is measured in the blood, which indicates how functional the kidney is.  The sad thing is that the organic matter can only grow in the body after the kidneys lose 3 percent of their function.  A healthy male is given 0.5 mg and 5 mg of creatinine in the female body.  If this penis lasts for more than 5.7 mg for 3 months or more, it is characterized as chronic kidney disease.

  Complications of chronic kidney disease
  The biggest problem with chronic kidney disease is that in most cases the patient has no symptoms.  As a result, they do not seek treatment year after year when their symptoms appear, their kidney function disappears by 5 percent.  As a result, it is often not possible to recover from medication.  The kidneys gradually become completely inactive, they fall into the abyss of death.  However, if chronic kidney disease can be diagnosed at an early stage, partial or complete cure of these diseases will be possible through treatment.  So, it is very important to raise awareness among the people whether someone is suffering from chronic kidney disease.

  Need to check regularly

  Awareness is the only way to know if a patient has kidney problems.  For example, an adult needs regular monitoring of his blood pressure, albumin in his urine, and diabetes.  If someone has diabetes, they must be tested to see if albumin and microalbumin are excreted in the urine at least once a year and whether it is normal to have creatinine in the blood.  The same rule applies to high blood pressure.

  The severity of kidney disease

  Most chronic kidney disease has no symptoms. Therefore, these patients do not seek medical attention.  Therefore, it is important to know the symptoms of chronic kidney disease.  However, chronic kidney disease symptoms such as nausea, loss of appetite, anemia, water retention, shortness of breath and urination, itching of the diseased body of the skin and constant loss of daily function may occur.  In our country 5 percent of patients take refuge with these symptoms and blood tests show that 5 percent of the kidneys are lost.  Chronic kidney failure causes many complications in addition to the above symptoms.  The main reason is heart disease.

Some surveys

  Various studies have shown that chronic kidney disease increases their risk of developing kidney disease by 3 to 5 percent.  In some cases it may exceed 5 percent.  For example, a U.S. study found that patients with chronic kidney acne suffered from 3 to 5 percent of high blood pressure, 25 percent of heart stroke, and 20 percent of heart failure.  Heart cells grow 5 percent and the risk of stroke increases by six percent.  And the above rate increases due to diabetic kidney disease.  Also kidney failure patients are always suffering from anemia which can later increase the size of kidney cells to heart failure.  Also, they do not have a fat balance in their blood and are deficient in vitamin D.

  One million kidney diseases in the country
  In Bangladesh, the Kidney Foundation and BSMMU have been conducting research for three years on how many people in Chakulia village of Sir have chronic kidney disease.  A study conducted on 3,000 adults found that about 1 percent of people suffer from chronic kidney disease.  In 4% of these patients, creatinine in the blood is slowly declining above normal levels, meaning their kidney function.  In the United States, a study of 1,212 adults found that only 5 percent of them had chronic kidney disease.  The figure is 5 per cent in Australia and 3 per cent in Iceland.  This study shows that about ten million people are currently suffering from chronic kidney disease.

  Thousands of people die every year
  Statistics from various hospitals estimate that about 50,000 patients die of kidney failure every year in Bangladesh.  Nephritis, diabetes and high blood pressure cause kidney failure.  The main causes of nephritis are responsible for bacterial infections, viral hepatitis, tuberculosis, malaria, jaundice and drug side effects.  Chronic interstitial nephritis can be attributed to a mixture of chemicals and adulterants in food.  Even arsenic in water can increase the risk of kidney disease.  Mercury, lead, gold and other metals can cause kidney disease.  Hepatitis B and C viruses HIV is a major cause of chronic kidney disease in South Africa.  Malaria is the leading cause of kidney disease in Africa.

  Treatment of patients with kidney disease
  It is not possible to save a patient with medicine if the kidney is completely disabled.  Regular dialysis or kidney transplantation is needed to save the patient.  In today's world a patient with regular dialysis can live a normal life for five to six years and 4-5 years with a successful kidney transplant.  Patients with regular hemodialysis in the world live up to 5 years and have a record of nearly 3 years of kidney transplantation.  (Regular dialysis refers to the treatment of a hemodialysis machine three to four hours a week)) For example, kidney transplantation involves attaching a kidney to a nearby kidney.  Of course, in the developed world kidneys are often attached to dead kidneys.

  Kidney disease needs to be identified
  Huge initiatives are currently being taken in the developed and developing world on how to prevent chronic kidney disease.  Measures are being taken to diagnose chronic kidney disease at village and city level.  According to the ongoing village level research in Bangladesh, chronic kidney disease is present in about 5 percent of which 9 percent.  Contains high blood pressure, five percent diabetes and six percent urine protein.  Five percent of diabetic patients mentioned five percent, and five percent of those with high blood pressure and 6 percent of protein urinary incontinence - all of which are considered chronic kidney disease.  Patients were asked if they knew about diabetes, high blood pressure, and protein excretion.  Eighty-five percent of patients do not know they have diabetes, high blood pressure, or urinary protein excretion and have not tried treatment.  Therefore, these patients have chronic kidney failure.


The law of organ transplantation in the human body

There are about 8 beds in more than 5 ICUs at the public and private levels in Dhaka alone. Many patients, including accidents, brain bleeding, are admitted here. With the death of these patients, if the kidneys, lungs, heart, liver, organs are preserved for five to 24 hours, it is possible to replace them in the body. It is possible to give a new life to these kidney-stricken patients who are nearing the end of the Datsun crisis.

Diet and nutrition of the kidney patient
The number of kidney patients is increasing day by day in our country. Of these, chronic kidney disease and infant kidney disease are most common. Some of the most common reasons are: Of food adulteration and toxic food. Increased interest in food and food intake 1. Sale of unhealthy open food in front of every school. Diabetes 1. High blood pressure 4. Extra weight in the body 4. 3 albumin excretion in the urine. In some cases, genetic and genetic factors are also responsible. One of the causes of many diseases is the unconsciousness of oneself, indifferent. You have to take care of yourself. One of the first doctors of a human being is his own awareness.

Will help him prevent many diseases. The word “say” is simply a better remedy than a cure. The individual body can give awareness to the healthy body. And there is no need for treatment for a healthy body. Disease is possible if each of us is not alone in our own responsibility. By adhering to certain rules, health will be achieved, and the cost of the medical sector will be huge.

The general rules are:

1. Regularly clean, wash daily and wash hands with soap before meals.

2. Healthy balanced diet should be taken. Kidney failure can result from diarrhea, diarrhea, even diarrhea, and habit of diarrhea due to unconsciousness.


 
3. Maintaining the ideal body weight. Overweight or overweight increases the likelihood of diseases, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and they both attack the kidneys.


 
4. Do not walk in the middle of the day without walking, maintain regular activities, exercise regularly or relax.

5. Monitor normal levels of sugar in the blood and check it regularly.

6. Regular blood pressure (blood pressure) test. Normal blood pressure is 120/1.

7. Eating is very important, everyone needs to know what to eat for healthy body ideal weight body, eat less food, avoid any food. How much food should I eat? Examples: A kidney patient whose serum is above cretinize 1 and serum potassium

8. he eats chicken soup and lots of fruits for two days consecutively due to physical weakness; She thought that the food would cut her weakness, she would regain normal wellness. However, the food is discarded for the patient. They are absolutely protein-rich (i.e. chicken), fruit (potassium-rich) are completely excluded. Everyone needs to be aware of food, nutrition is very important.

Dietary selection of certain diseases such as:

(a) diabetic

(b) hypertension

(c) kidney disease

(d) heart disease

(e) overweight kidney disease.

(f). Drink lots of water. This does not apply at all. Especially in kidney disease. Because the amount of urination depends on the amount of water you will drink. Too many words have no specified size. Therefore, the kidney patient should be particularly careful about receiving water. Consult your doctor or dietitian or health worker about this. Example: Some kidney patients are advised to drink 1 cup of water (24 hours). Considering his physical condition.

(G). Salt intake: Excess salt intake induces kidney disease. Take 5 teaspoons of salt daily in cooking, so your blood pressure will be under control. Be Moderate: From eating salt with pickles, cheese, chips, pickles, pears and salads and tomatoes.

(H) Quit smoking Otherwise it will not leave you. Example: A 5-year-old woman is hospitalized with lung cancer. His account shows that he started smoking cigarettes from the age of 25, consuming cigarettes for 3 years and no(H) Quit smoking Otherwise it will not leave you. Example: A 5-year-old woman is hospitalized with lung cancer. His account shows that he started smoking cigarettes from the age of 25, consuming cigarettes for 3 years and not eating for 6 years = 1 year. Lung cancer at the age of 5 years. Under treatment Now you decide – be aware now.

(I). Avoid taking too many drugs. Do not take medicines at all. Your kidneys are constantly holding nutrients in the body and releasing unnecessary waste. And help him in his normal work. 12. Avoid consuming potent vitamin tablets. It slowly slows down your kidneys. Remember that no artificial vitamins are needed if you regularly take a balanced diet (like medicinal herbs). Permanent Kidney Oreo The unlimited misery of the temporary self will not make your kidney go away by itself. Kidney disease is extremely – painful, extremely expensive – and 5,000 deaths a year. About 5 percent of the invaders cannot afford this costly treatment. ১৩. Stay away from diabetes and high blood pressure. In our country 5% of people do not know their diabetes and 5% do not know their hypertension. This unknown merger gave birth to a new friend – that is, the horrific results of their failure to control kidney ache, hypertension and diabetes. A little personal awareness can bring infinite health, comfort.


The following is a general idea about the diet and onset of kidney disease: The idea that protein should be processed as soon as kidney disease is detected is completely unfounded.  Measurement of protein intake will depend on the level of creatinine in the blood.  An adult healthy person is given 1 gram of protein per kg of body weight.  In kidney disease, the weight per kg person (1.5 g to 1.5 g) is determined.  In the most severe cases, a patient weighing 5 kg is recommended 1.5 g / kg protein.  As (1.4) = 1 gram of protein.  It is important to remember that the kidney patient has to give high biological value protease protein.  Such as fish, meat, eggs, yogurt etc. and you need to keep accurate accounts.  A 5 gram piece of fish / meat does not mean 5 grams of protein, but only 4 grams of protein can be obtained from this 5 gram piece.  Many people do not want to eat 5 pieces of fish / meat.  For 1 gram protein supplement: 1 piece fish (1 mass) = 1 ms protein, 1 piece chicken (1 mass) = 1 gram protein, 1 egg white = 1 gram protein, 1 cup (0.24 L) sour yogurt = 1 gram protein  Total = 25 grams of protein.  The rest is available from rice, bread and vegetables.  Kidney patients are losing weight day by day.  In the meantime, a list of foods should be prepared.  It should be noted that her diet will be limited to protein and proper calories:

  (H) Kidney patients should eat limited amount of fish, meat, milk and eggs.  These are animal proteins.

  (K) Vegetable proteins or second class proteins such as pulses, beans, seafood will not be available in any type of jarban town.

  (L) Do not eat vegetables - cauliflower, barley, carrot, lamb, bean herbert, jackfruit seeds, bean seeds, sweet pumpkin seeds, each, radish and bed, pomegranate and radish should not be eaten.

  (M) Eat vegetables - can be eaten in gourd, ginga, chichinga, data, karla, pot, papaya, dhundhal, sasha (seedless) sajna, data sak, lalska, kamali, helancha, kachu.

  (N) Pulses and dabs should not be eaten at all.  This is because of the increase in the level of potassium in the blood of kidney patients.  Choose low potassium rich vegetables.  If the potassium level is normal (1.5-1.2), the fruit cannot be included in the diet list if it is higher than sodium / s.  Kidney patients should choose low-potassium fruits, such as apples, guavas, ripe papayas, pears, vegetables, and herbs to reduce potassium levels.  First cut the heavy boil and discard the water.  Then cook.

  (O) Other foods should be omitted: tinned foods, dried fish, nuts, pickles, sauces, sauces, etc.

  The idea of ​​creatinine in the blood: If the normal dose of creatinine in the blood is more than 1 to 12 micromol / liter, you should be careful.  Get healthcare now.  Cretinize and protein intake: Measure blood in Critinize: 1 micromol / liter per 1 g protein, 20-6 micromol / liter per 5 g protein, 8-20 microdot / 1 g protein per liter may be slightly less or less.  This will determine your nutritionist.

The type of diet a kidney patient should follow depends on the following conditions: (1) type of kidney disease (2) stage of kidney disease (1) whether the patient has started diabetes (1) whether he has diabetes (1) whether the patient is overweight or not  .  And age analysis (1) physical exertion (1) urine excretion measurement (1) blood test results, kidney patient needs to remember specifically, each patient's diet list will be different, diet analysis and management of the above situation is your most important part of treatment.  Diet will not cure your kidney disease.  Diet will play a major role in controlling kidney disease.  Instead you may be in pain

  Kidney augmentation and a human application
  Rabbi and shaped (pseudonym) twin brothers.  Two brothers suffer from chronic kidney disease.  The widowed mother's eyes are survived by two brothers dialysis treatment.  However, by adding a kidney, the two brothers can get new life back.  Now the question is, who will be the kidney?

  Currently the number of kidney diseases in the world is increasing rapidly.  Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated in developing countries.  At present about two million people in Bangladesh are suffering from kidney disease.  An estimated 120 to one million people suffer from chronic kidney disease each year and about 1,000 die from the disease each year. The number of kidney patients has increased by nearly one crore in the last five years.  The problem is, most of them do not know that they are suffering from kidney disease and when kidney disease is the cause of physical problems, in most cases there is no other way but dialysis or kidney disease.


  Diabetes, high blood pressure and nephritis are the three leading causes of chronic kidney disease. A recent study found that about 80 percent of people in Bangladesh suffer from chronic kidney disease, 3 percent in Australia and 1 percent in the United States.  The number of patients with chronic kidney disease or chronic kidney disease is equal to or greater than that of diabetes or hypertension.  But the most worrying thing is that both diabetes and high blood pressure are again one of the leading causes of chronic kidney disease.  As a result, chronic kidney disease is considered a threat to public health.


  If we regularly measure blood pressure and test blood for diabetes and kidney disease, it is possible to diagnose kidney disease very quickly.  Kidney disease is diagnosed at an early stage and with proper treatment it is possible to reduce the number of kidney diseases.  In rural Bangladesh, even in urban areas, blood pressure is not always controlled by 50% of people who suffer from high blood pressure.  The same is true for diabetics, which is very scary, but by controlling diabetes and blood pressure, we can greatly prevent kidney disease.

It’s about resistance.  And the main treatment for chronic kidney disease is chronic dialysis or kidney disease.  Dialysis treatment is expensive and machine-dependent, so it costs about three to four million rupees a year.  On the other hand, it costs one and a half to two lakh rupees to add a kidney to a government hospital.  After that the price of medicine is around 500 rupees every year.  In fact, the last stage of kidney transplantation is the ideal treatment for chronic kidney disease.  Dialysis is never possible for all kidney function, only one kidney can perform another kidney function.
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